AICPA Supports Bills to Block Change in DOL Fiduciary Rule for Appraisers of ESOPs

We received the following email from the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) earlier this week and wanted to share. From their website, the AICPA is the world’s largest member association representing the accounting profession, with nearly 386,000 members in 128 countries and a 125-year heritage of serving the public interest. The email follows:

The American Institute of CPAs wrote Congress on July 10 in support of legislation (S. 273 and H.R. 2041) that would block the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) 2010 proposal to change its definition of fiduciary under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 to include appraisers of employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs).  The AICPA has repeatedly argued that, rather than expand the definition, as proposed by DOL, rules should be implemented to ensure that only qualified individuals prepare valuations for benefit plans and that individuals follow recognized valuation standards.

The AICPA’s letter to Congress is below.


July 10, 2013


The Honorable Tom Harkin

Chairman, Health Education Labor and

Pensions Committee

United States Senate

Washington, DC  20510


The Honorable Lamar Alexander

Ranking Member, Health Education Labor and Pensions Committee United States Senate Washington, DC  20510


The Honorable John Kline

Chairman, Education and Workforce Committee United States House of Representatives

Washington, DC  20515


The Honorable George Miller

Ranking Member, Education and Workforce Committee United States House of Representatives Washington, DC  20515


RE: S. 273 and H.R. 2041


Dear Chairman Harkin, Ranking Member Alexander, Chairman Kline and Ranking Member Miller:

On behalf of the nearly 386,000 members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), I am writing to encourage you to cosponsor S. 273/H.R. 2041, a bill that would prohibit the Department of Labor (DOL) from moving forward on its re-proposal to expand the definition of a fiduciary under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) to include independent appraisers of Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs).

Many CPAs perform business valuation services for ESOPs by providing an independent, third-party objective appraisal of the stock of employer companies that sponsor ESOPs.  Many of these appraisals are also used for other purposes including satisfying the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requirements related to the ESOP’s tax-exempt status.  The Internal Revenue Code (IRC) requires that ESOP valuations be obtained from an independent appraiser at least annually.  If the DOL were to redefine an ERISA fiduciary to include ESOP appraisers an inherent conflict would arise between the DOL and IRS requirements for ESOP appraisers.  An ERISA fiduciary must act solely in the interest of plan participants and their beneficiaries and therefore cannot provide an independent, third-party objective perspective.

The DOL has not demonstrated a need for such a broad and far-reaching change from more than 35 years of established policy.  The DOL proposal is a draconian response to a very small number of deficient ESOP appraisals. In testimony before Congress and responses to Congressional inquiries and private requests from the AICPA, the DOL has provided only a few cases of deficient appraisals over the past 20 years out of tens of thousands of ESOP appraisals performed annually.  Further, our analysis of the DOL cases involving CPAs found that in the vast majority of these cases the courts found the appraisers’ work to be satisfactory but that the plan trustee improperly used the work of the appraiser.

The DOL has announced plans to re-issue its previous 2010 proposal later this year.  The AICPA is concerned that the new proposal will essentially mirror the previous proposal and, if finalized, will unnecessarily subject all ESOP appraisers to an increased legal liability and require them to purchase expensive fiduciary liability insurance.  This would, in turn, increase the costs to all ESOP plans and reduce the amount available for participants and beneficiaries.

The DOL’s concerns with the quality of ESOP appraisals could be addressed with a far more targeted solution. Unlike other federal agencies including the IRS and Small Business Administration (SBA), the DOL, does not have any minimum requirements or standards for appraisers.  The AICPA and other stakeholders have suggested in comment letters and testimony that the DOL implement rules to ensure that only properly qualified individuals perform ESOP valuations and those individuals follow recognized valuation standards. Requiring ESOP appraisers to have specialized training, credentials, and to adhere to professional standards would protect participants and beneficiaries in a cost effective manner.  This approach would be consistent with the IRS and SBA rules for appraisals and thus avoid the potential for conflicting requirements across federal agencies.

The AICPA fully supports the goal of protecting the interests of plan participants and beneficiaries of employee benefit plans.  Ensuring the quality of sponsor company valuations is critical to making prudent decisions regarding plan investments.

Thank you for considering cosponsorship of S.273/H.R. 2041.  Please feel free to contact Diana Huntress Deem, Director, Congressional and Political Affairs Team at 202.434.9276 if you have any questions.


Barry C. Melancon, CPA, CGMA

President and CEO


Members of the Senate Health Education Labor and Pensions Committee Members of the House Education and Workforce Committee

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